The UK’s Marine Policy Statement advises that in addition to avoiding harm to the environment, marine developments should also include “beneficial features” for marine wildlife. However, much remains unknown about the potential for manmade structures to deliver ecological benefits and surrogate for natural rocky shore habitat. Our research investigates the role of coastal defences in providing substrate for marine plants and animals to colonise. It also explores the potential to manipulate structures in order to achieve more beneficial outcomes from coastal defence developments.Read more »
Case Studies: KESS Annual Event 2014
Wales is an obesity hotspot, with the 5th highest child obesity rates of 35 OECD countries: in 2010, 36% of Welsh 2-15 year olds were overweight and 19% of these were obese. The literature shows that these rates are typically doubled for children attending Special Schools. These children often show change resistant behaviours such as idiosyncratic eating patterns and reluctance to try new foods, presenting the researchers with additional challenges. Although it is known that they are more likely to develop health problems and obesity than their peers in mainstream schools, they have been entirely overlooked in the existing research until now.
My Masters Research project has involved implementing the Food Dudes programme in special schools. The Food Dudes progarmme is based on the three psychological principles: role-modeling, rewards and repeated tasting. The intervention is split into two phases: the Intensive Phase (16 days) and the Maintenance Phase (rest of the academic year).Read more »
The paucity of research in to sleep surfaces, sleep quality and back problems is surprising as we spend approximately a third of our lives asleep and 84% of the UK population will be afflicted with low back pain at some point in their lives.
The project will provide an objective assessment of mattress design in relation to back pain. A three month, double blind randomised controlled crossover study will take place in the participants own homes to ensure the most natural sleep environment.Read more »
The chemotherapy agents which are in current use are highly toxic compounds and are also non selective meaning that in effect the patient is being medically “poisoned” in the hope that the cancer will die first. Prodrug technology allows for the selective deployment of highly toxic drugs into cancer cells, whilst healthy cells are left relatively unaffected.Read more »
This research project aimed to design a controlled release drug delivery using PLGA and PCL microspheres in conjugation with hydrogel patches. It is believed that development of such a novel drug delivery system would be use for treatments of many dermatological conditions such as Psoriasis and Eczema.Read more »
Over the past decade the ‘superbug’, Clostridium difficile, has become the most common hospital acquired infection in the developed world. Epidemic strains have emerged which exhibit enhanced virulence factors including multidrug resistance, increased capacity to form highly resistant spores and produce significantly more toxins A and B than conventional strains. This project with MicroPharm, a small bio-pharmaceutical company based in West Wales, looks at recombinant fragments based on C. difficile toxins A and B that have been used to raise antibodies in sheep.Read more »
Student: Cate Williams Company: Hybu Cig Cymru Academic Supervisor: Dr Sharon Huws The effect of rumen bacterial lipases on ruminal lipid metabolism The relationship between SFAs and chronic diseases, such as coronary heart disease, are well established, and despite providing many essential vitamins and minerals, red meat suffers much negative stigma. This confusion has developed… Read more »
My project is in collaboration with Food Dudes Health Ltd, who already have an award winning Healthy Eating Intervention and are now keen to develop a physical activity intervention to tackle the ongoing issue of obesity.Read more »
The MPhil project was supported financially by the KESS scholarship which allowed the collaboration of a Welsh SME, PhytoQuest, and the Hoffmann Parasitology research group at Aberystwyth University. This collaboration has allowed for a screen of extremely pure plant-derived compounds, provided by the Welsh industrial collaborator, to be performed assessing the selective activity of the library against a species of parasitic worms of veterinary and biomedical importance.Read more »
By the middle of the 20th century, the decline was so obvious that a number of initiatives were set up in order to stop the language disappearing and keep this important part of Welsh culture alive. Amongst other efforts, Welsh courses for adults were provided across Wales, to help increase the number of new speakers. In 1982, Nant Gwrtheyrn was established as a residential centre, and since then over 25,000 people have attended Welsh classes there.
In 2011, a partnership between Nant Gwrtheyrn and Cardiff University was formed, through the KESS programme. The intention was to combine years of experience in the field of teaching Welsh to adults with skills and knowledge in the fields of research and digital technology. Our vision is that e-learning will help to increase the number of successful Welsh learners. It is therefore important that the e-learning draws on research which shows which techniques result in successful learners.Read more »